Der uigurische Weltkongress klagt an: In China sei die Volksgruppe der Angehörige muslimischer Minderheiten in "Konzentrationslagern" in. Geheime Dokumente zeigen, wie systematisch China gegen Uiguren vorgeht. Dolkun Isa lebt in Deutschland. Selbst im Exil wird er bedroht. Nach Darstellung seines früheren Sicherheitsberaters Bolton soll Trump China noch zugeraten haben, Konzentrationslager für Uiguren zu.
Umerziehungslager in XinjiangDer uigurische Weltkongress klagt an: In China sei die Volksgruppe der Angehörige muslimischer Minderheiten in "Konzentrationslagern" in. Geheime Dokumente zeigen, wie systematisch China gegen Uiguren vorgeht. Dolkun Isa lebt in Deutschland. Selbst im Exil wird er bedroht. Nach Darstellung seines früheren Sicherheitsberaters Bolton soll Trump China noch zugeraten haben, Konzentrationslager für Uiguren zu.
Konzentrationslager China What's happened to the vanished Uighurs of Xinjiang? VideoUigurin berichtet von chinesischem Camp: wie Konzentrationslager See also: Category Outline of China Economy of East Asia. The memo details how detainees will only be released when they can demonstrate they have transformed their behaviour, beliefs and language. One reveals that 15, people from southern Xinjiang were Same But Different to the camps over the course of just one week in
November In: The Daily Telegraph , Februar März Juli August September In: The New York Times , In: Foreign Policy , Panel Says.
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August , abgerufen am 2. Minority Rights Group International, It coincides with a tightening grip on society under President Xi Jinping, in which loyalties to family and faith must be subordinate to the only one that matters - loyalty to the Communist Party.
That view has been reinforced by credible reports that hundreds have travelled to Syria to fight with various militant groups.
Uighurs are now subject to ethnic profiling at thousands of pedestrian and vehicle checkpoints while Han Chinese residents are often waved through.
Uighur government officials are prohibited from practising Islam, from attending mosques or from fasting during Ramadan.
A Chinese flag flies above a closed mosque in the Xinjiang city of Kashgar. Given all this, it is perhaps not that surprising that China has introduced another older and blunter solution to the perceived disloyalty of many of its Uighur citizens.
Despite the government's denials, the most compelling evidence for the existence of the internment camps comes from a trove of information from the authorities themselves.
Pages of local government tendering documents inviting potential contractors and suppliers to bid for the building projects have been discovered online by the German-based academic, Adrian Zenz.
They provide details about the construction or conversion of dozens of separate facilities across Xinjiang.
In many cases the tenders call for the installation of comprehensive security features, such as watchtowers, razor wire, surveillance systems, and guardrooms.
Cross-referencing this information with other media sources, Zenz suggests that at least several hundred thousand and possibly over a million Uighurs and other Muslim minorities could have been interned for re-education.
In these euphemisms, and in the mundane measurements and quantities described, there is the unmistakable substance of a rapidly expanding network of mass confinement.
Last year, her mother came for her usual summer visit, spending time with her daughter and grandson and doing a bit of London sightseeing.
Xiamuxinuer Pida, 66, is a well-educated former-engineer with a long service record at a Chinese state company. She needed to send copies of her documents, her mother said - proof of UK address, a copy of her British passport, her UK telephone numbers and information about her university course.
And then, after asking her to send them via a Chinese mobile chat service, Xiamuxinuer said something that sent a chill down Reyila's spine.
Their testimonies are remarkably consistent, providing evidence of the conditions and routines inside the camps and the broad basis on which people are detained.
Mainstream religious activity, the mildest dissent and any link with Uighurs living in foreign countries appear to be enough to sweep people into the system.
Each morning, when year-old Ablet Tursun Tohti was woken an hour before sunrise, he and his fellow detainees had one minute to get to the exercise yard.
The exercise yard can clearly be seen on the satellite photo of the camp where he says he was held, in the oasis town of Hotan in southern Xinjiang.
A satellite image showing a camp in Hotan where Ablet says he was detained. Over the past two years there are very few reports of anyone being released at all.
And since there has now been a mass recall of passports, Ablet was one of the last Uighurs able to leave China.
He has sought refuge in Turkey, a country with a sizeable Uighur diaspora because of strong cultural and linguistic links. Ablet tells me that his year-old father and eight of his siblings are in the camps.
On the satellite photo, you can make out the guard towers and the double perimeter fencing of the Han'airike Legal Education Training Centre.
Satellite image of the site in Hotan where Abdusalam says he was held. In he says he ended up in a camp after the police found a picture of woman wearing a niqab, a face veil, on his mobile phone.
Ali not his real name is unwilling to be identified. But there were no toilets inside, they just gave us a bowl.
Reports of people being deleted from family chat groups, or told never to call again, are now commonplace. Two of the things most central to Uighur culture - faith and family - are being systematically broken.
As a result of the detention of whole extended families, there are reports that many children are being placed in state orphanages.
Her youngest daughter, Sekine Hasan, who by now would be three and a half years old, stayed in Xinjiang with Bilkiz's husband. She did not yet have a passport and the plan was that, when she got one, the family would reunite in Istanbul.
Bilkiz's daughter Sekine, whom she has not seen for more than two years. She has since lost contact with the rest of her family and now has no idea where her daughter is.
Satellite image of site in Hotan enhanced by GMV. Using only publicly available, open-source satellite data, it's possible to shed light on Xinjiang's dark secret.
GMV is a multinational aerospace company with experience of monitoring infrastructure from space on behalf of organisations like the European Space Agency and the European Commission.
Their analysts went through a list of facilities located across Xinjiang - drawn up from the various media reports and academic research about the re-education camp system.
The Second Ürümqi-Jinghe Railway provides additional rail transport capacity to Jinghe, from which the Jinghe-Yining-Horgos Railway heads into the Ili River Valley to Yining , Huocheng and Khorgos , a second rail border crossing with Kazakhstan.
The Kuytun-Beitun Railway runs from Kuytun north into the Junggar Basin to Karamay and Beitun, near Altay. In the south, the Southern Xinjiang Line from Turpan runs southwest along the southern footslopes of the Tian Shan into the Tarim Basin , with stops at Yanqi , Korla , Kuqa , Aksu , Maralbexi Bachu , Artux and Kashgar.
From Kashgar, the Kashgar—Hotan railway , follows the southern rim of the Tarim to Hotan , with stops at Shule , Akto , Yengisar , Shache Yarkant , Yecheng Karghilik , Moyu Karakax.
The Ürümqi-Dzungaria Railway connects Ürümqi with coal fields in the eastern Junggar Basin. The Hami—Lop Nur Railway connects Hami with potassium salt mines in and around Lop Nur.
The Golmud-Korla Railway , under construction as of August , would provide an outlet to Qinghai.
Railways to Pakistan and Kyrgyzstan have been proposed. Some factions in Xinjiang province advocate establishing an independent country, which has led to tension and ethnic strife in the region.
The separatist movement claims that the region, which they view as their homeland and refer to as East Turkestan , is not part of China, but was invaded by China in and has been under Chinese occupation since then.
China asserts that the region has been part of China since ancient times. According to the Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies, the two main sources for separatism in the Xinjiang Province are religion and ethnicity.
Religiously, the Uyghur peoples of Xinjiang follow Islam ; in the large cities of Han China many are Buddhist , Taoist and Confucian , although many follow Islam as well, such as the Hui ethnic subgroup of the Han ethnicity, comprising some 10 million people.
Thus, the major difference and source of friction with eastern China is ethnicity and religious doctrinal differences that differentiate them politically from other Muslim minorities elsewhere in the country.
The Uyghurs are ethnically, linguistically and culturally Turkic, a clear distinction from the Han that are the majority in the eastern regions of China, although many other Turkic ethnicities live in East China such as the Salar people , the Chinese Tatars and the Yugur.
Ironically, the capital of Xinjiang, Ürümqi, was originally a Han and Hui Tungan city with few Uyghur people before recent Uyghur migration to the city.
They were alleged to be seeking to overthrow Chinese rule in Xinjiang and re-establish an independent Uyghur state of East Turkestan.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Autonomous region of China. For other uses, see Xinjiang disambiguation.
Autonomous region in People's Republic of China. Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region. Autonomous region. Map showing the location of the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region.
Lake Ayding . Uyghur official  Mandarin official Kazakh Kyrgyz Oirat Mongolian 43 other languages. Shin'jyan Uiguryn öörtöö zasakh oron.
Part of a series on the. Ancient period. Tocharians Yuezhi Xiongnu Western Regions Han Protectorate ; Chief Officials Kingdom of Khotan Former Liang Former Qin Later Liang Western Liang Gaochang Rouran First Turkic Khaganate Western Turkic Khaganate Eastern Turkic Khaganate Second Turkic Khaganate.
Medieval and early modern period. Tang Protectorates West ; Beiting Tibetan Empire Uyghur Khaganate Kara-Khanid Khanate Kingdom of Qocho Western Liao Mongol Empire Yuan ; Chagatai Khanate Moghulistan Ming ruled Kara Del Yarkent Khanate Dzungar Khanate Kumul Khanate Yettishar Qing rule.
Modern period. Xinjiang Province, Republic of China Xinjiang clique 1st East Turkestan Republic 2nd East Turkestan Republic Xinjiang Province, People's Republic of China Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region Production and Construction Corps Xinjiang re-education camps Uyghur genocide.
Main article: History of Xinjiang. Further information: Western Regions , Kingdom of Khotan , Shule Kingdom , Shanshan , Saka , Tocharians , and Sogdia.
History of Islam in China. By dynasty Tang Song Yuan Ming Qing. Haji Noor Hu Dahai Hui Liangyu Hu Songshan Liu Zhi Ma Anliang Ma Bufang Ma Buqing Ma Fuxiang Ma Gui Ma Hualong Ma Laichi Ma Mingxin Ma Qixi Ma Yize Yeheidie'erding Yusuf Ma Dexin Wang Daiyu Zheng He.
Cuisine Uyghur Han Kitab Mosques Sini Uyghur Arabic Xiao'erjing. Cities Regions. Hong Kong Kashgar Linxia Macau Ningxia Xinjiang Xunhua.
Hui Uyghurs Kazakhs Dongxiangs Kyrgyz Salar Bonans Tajiks Uzbeks Tatars Utsul Tibetans. See also: Yarkent Khanate.
Main article: Xinjiang under Qing rule. Main article: Yettishar. See also: History of the Republic of China ; Xinjiang Province, Republic of China ; First East Turkestan Republic ; and Second East Turkestan Republic.
See also: Incorporation of Xinjiang into the People's Republic of China and Migration to Xinjiang. For a more comprehensive list, see List of administrative divisions of Xinjiang and List of township-level divisions of Xinjiang.
Changji Hui AP. Bortala Mongol AP. Bayingolin Mongol AP. Aksu Prefecture. Kizilsu Kyrgyz AP. Kashgar Prefecture. Hotan Prefecture.
Ili Kazakh AP. Tacheng Prefecture. Altay Prefecture. Sub-provincial prefecture. Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps cities.
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Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. July Learn how and when to remove this template message. Further information: List of current Chinese provincial leaders.
Main articles: Human rights in China , Xinjiang re-education camps , and Uyghur genocide. See also: Law of the People's Republic of China.
This article needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. March See also: List of Chinese administrative divisions by GDP per capita.
Further information: Xinjiang cuisine and Major national historical and cultural sites Xinjiang. This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it.
December Further information: Migration to Xinjiang and Islamization and Turkification of Xinjiang. Emin Minaret. Ürümqi South railway station.
Kashgar railway station. Lanzhou-Xinjiang Railway. Southern Xinjiang Railway. Main articles: Xinjiang conflict , East Turkestan independence movement , Xinjiang re-education camps , and Uyghurs.
China portal. Thus, the term "Xinjiang" was also used in many other places newly conquered, but never were ruled by Chinese empires before, including in what is now Southern China.
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So unterdrückt China seine muslimische Minderheit. China erneut wegen Umgang mit Uiguren in der Kritik. Mehr zum Thema.